First Aid Refresher – Secondary Survey



The aim of the primary survey is to detect and treat immediately life threatening problems. The secondary survey aims to detect and treat ‘everything else’. Therefore the secondary survey should not be started until the primary survey is complete, repeated, and the patient as stable as possible.

Before starting, always ask yourself “is there something more useful I could be doing for this patient?”

Jane Rawlings - Emergency First Aid Training 4.1

Three main elements to the secondary survey:

  • Vital signs monitoring
  • Top-to-toe survey
  • Medical history


The next few blogs will focus in on these! Stay tuned !!!!